Columbus is the 15th largest city in the United States and the largest city and capital in Ohio. After Cincinnati and Cleveland, it's the third largest urban area in the state of Ohio. The 15th largest city in the American Midwest is the 3rd largest city. The city, founded in 1812 in the name of famous explorer Christopher Columbus, between the Scioto and the Olentangy Rivers, became the capital in 1816. The city's economy is based on many different subjects, such as education, government affairs, insurance, banking, fashion, defense, aviation, food, clothing, transportation, steel, energy, medical research, health care, tourism, retailer and technology. Modern Columbus continues to exist as a technologically advanced city. The world's largest private ar-ge organization, the Battelle Memorial Institute. The Chemical Abstracts Service is the world's largest chemical information exchange room (clearinghouse); The largest jet fleet in the world is owned by the NetJets, and Ohio State University, which has the largest campus in the United States.
State Capital, City
City of Columbus
The Discovery City,
Indie Art Capital,
The Biggest Small Town In America
The location of the city in Ohio.
Columbus's position in the United States.
|County, California||Delaware, Fairfield, Franklin|
|・ Type||Mayor - Council|
|・ Mayor||Michael B. Coleman (Democratic Party)|
|・ State Capital, City||2,125 square miles (550.5 square kilometers)|
|・ Water||22 miles square (5.9 square kilometers)|
|Racking||902 feet (275 m)|
|・ State Capital, City||787,033 (15,)|
|・ Density||36,230/mile square (1,399.2/km²)|
|・ Metropolitan||1.858.464 (32,)|
|Time zone||UTC-05:00 (EST)|
|・ Write (YSU)||UTC-04.00 (EDT)|
Business Week in 2009 picked Columbus as the most convenient city to start a family. When you picked Forbes Magazine as the state of the art in 2008 for the best future technology, it was included in the top 10 list by Relocate America in 2010. The 10 largest cities in the United States, under British magazine fDi Magazine, Columbus was named one of the future three cities, while Ohio's resources, the Columbus Zoo and the Aquarium were named the best zoo and aquarium in 2009 by the USA Travel Guide.
In 2008, Market Watch selected the 7th best city to do business in the United States by selecting the top 10 cities for doing business in the United States, while Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, which was on the Forbes 500 list in Columbus 2011, is hosting the general directorate of five different organizations, such as the American Electric Power, Limited Brands, Chemicals, and Big Lots . Major foreign companies with Columbus or branch offices are Siemens and Roxane Laboratories of Germany, Vaisala of Finnish origin, Techneglas, Inc., Tomasco Mülciber Inc. of Japan, and A Y Manufacturing, ABB Group and Mettler Toledo of Swiss origin.
According to the 2010 census, Columbus is Ohio's most populous city with a population of 787,033. According to the 2008 estimates, around 116,000 of these numbers are foreigners.
In the past, the so-called Ohio Valley, or Ohio region, is the settlement of Columbus today, although it appeared in the past under the control of the Kingdom of France, but later came to many harassers from different parts of Europe to trade fur. The rule of the Pennsylvania merchants reigned until the French were forced to take over power in an area that saw many conflicts of interest between the Native American people and Europeans.
With the "Treaty of Paris of 1763", it was given to the British Empire. This colony has not been able to restore peace and quiet in the region during its rule. This area has been in constant chaos, and conflicts and atrocities have been unfolding.
The Ohio region, which became part of the Virginia Military Zone after the American Revolution, accepted the sovereignty of the United States. The European colonialists who migrate from the East Coast are empty in this area and have not found a border zone where they can settle themselves. Instead, they've encountered European merchants from indigenous American peoples Miami, Delaware, Wyandot, Shawnee, Mingo. Tribes have defied the spread policies of the inexperienced white colonialists of the United States, and there have been years of bloody wars. The recent "Battle of Fallen Timbers" is signed by the "Greenville Treaty", allowing new construction.
In 1797, young Virginia controller Lucas Sullivant formed a permanent settlement on the west side of the Scioto River arms, and Sullivant, who was a fan of Benjamin Franklin, named it "Franklinton." Although this compound has an advantage in terms of channel transport and transportation, it has been destroyed by the massive flooding that occurred in 1798. But then it was rebuilt.
In 1803, after Ohio was granted state status, the great leaders of Ohio, due to civil policy conflicts, have relocated the state capital from Chillicothe back to Zanesville. The state council eventually decided that a new capital is needed right in the middle of the state geographic. The towns of Dublin, Worthington, Delaware and Franklinton were also nominated to become the state capital for this, but today have been chosen as the new state capital because of its central position as Columbus, and its inaccessible access to major transport routes (at the time, the most popular shipping river transport). In fact, the district government had no compound of Columbus in this position before we made the law authorizing Columbus to be the capital in 1812. The post, known as the Wolf's Spine, used to be a huge forest area and only used for hunting. Once the law of becoming a capital passed through the state assembly of Ohio, the position of choice was designed to be a new state capital. These new city plans are for Ohio's role in the future political, economic and social sectors. Columbus was named Columbus to honor Christopher Columbus and officially declared the capital on February 14th, 1812.
"Columbus Burough"[The] or the city council was officially established on February 10th, 1816, and nine were elected to fill the Mayor's Office, the Treasury, and other positions. Although the war of 1812 brought wealth to the region, subsequent economic stagnation and conflicting claims have threatened the success of the new city. The difficult conditions have been exacerbated by the high-impact severe illnesses crises then, and the outbreak of cholera that erupted in 1833.
The National Road from Baltimore reached Columbus in 1831 and led to a population explosion, connecting the city to the Ohio and Erie Channel. In addition, a wave of migrants from Europe has set the stage for the creation of two ethnic immigrant zones. When a large Irish population settled north of the city (around Nationwide Boulevard today), the German nationals created the area known as "Das Alte Sudende (Old South End), exploiting the cheaper property in the south. German immigrants in Columbus later created an active community that also created places such as the German village (German Village), several breweries, Trinity Lutheran Seminary (Protestant Faculty of Theology) and Capital University (Capital University).
With a population of 3,500, Columbus officially received the city title on March 3rd, 1834, and on the same day, the executive power was given to the mayor while the legislative function was left to the city council, under a special law issued by the state government. John Brooks, who held the elections in April the same year, was elected the first mayor.
The Columbus-Xenia railway was the first rail in the city in 1850. And then Cleveland-Columbus-Cincinnati railway 1851, where the two railroads together built Naghten's Union Station on the east side of High Street, right off the coast. By 1875, Columbus' railway traffic had increased, the city had been able to use eight different railroads, so a new Gar has been built. Along with the new station, it was launched on January 7th, 1857, the 18-year-old Ohio Statehouse.
During the Civil War, Columbus became a base to open up its territory to volunteer Union Army 26,000 confederate prisoners and 9,000 confederate prisoners (at Camp Chase, now known as Hilltop, around West Columbus). There are still more than 2,000 Confederate soldiers buried in this area (enough to make this part one of the largest Confederate cemeteries) And the regular military has built Camp Thomas in northern Columbus (around Delaware Road), where the 18th United States Infantry Class is organized and trained.
In 1870, the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical University was founded on land that used to be William and Hannah Neil, which was formerly the Ohio State University, under the Morril Land-Grant Colleges Act.
By the end of the 19th century, Columbus saw the rise of many manufacturing businesses. It was then known as the Buggy Center of the World because it had more than 20 "buggy horsecart" factories. The biggest of these industries is the Columbus Buggy Company, founded by C.D. Firestone in 1875, which is a pioneer in later life in the production of a passenger horse cart, a bicycle and a car-inflatable rubber. The Columbus Consolidated Brewing Company (Columbus Unified Brewing Company) forensic brewer manufacturer and its factory gained prominence in the 19th century. But its success was overshadowed by the lobby activities of the "Anti-Saloon League", an association created in the 19th century in Orlin, Ohio that was particularly opposed to drinking and drinking in bars and south and rural North America (now called the "Council for American Booze Problems"). In the steel industry, also known as forward-thinking, "Samuel P. Bush started Bucket Steel Breakdown Company."
Having so many businesses has inevitably made Columbus one of the labor organization centers. Samuel Gompers, the organizer and leader of the famous American labor unions in Columbus, established the "Federation of American Labor", the confederation of labor unions in order to organize throughout the United States on "Druid's Building" on South 4th Street. The "United Miners of America", a powerful labor union organized all over the United States, was established in 1890 in Colombus with a meeting in the old "City Hall" building.
James Thurber, who has written a comic sketch and stories and will make great literary achievements in Paris and New York, was born in 1894 in Columbus. Today, the Theater Department of the State University of Ohio has established a performance center named after him. Also, the youth house near the Discovery site where Thurber lives is today enrolled in the US National List of Historic Buildings.
20th century to present
"The Columbus Experiment" is an internationally renowned, 1908-born environmental movement that aims to build this first treatment plant in the world, as we know it, to perform filtering and softening. It was designed and invented by the brothers Calrence and Charles Hoover. This invention has severely decreased the deadly consequences of frequent typhus outbreaks to date. These 103-year-old designs are currently being used. Jeremiah O'Shaughnessy, who worked as a worker in the construction of this facility, is later named after the O'Shaughnessy dam in the metropolitan area of Columbus.
He named "The Arch City," one of the Columbus nicknames, from dozens of wooden belts/tabs that surround High Street as of the 20th century. These jewelry are very thin and small belts that only carry light bulbs on the street that connect both sides of the street from the air. These installs were originally used to illuminate transit routes and then to power new electric tramways and troleys. But in 1914, these jewelry was removed and the street pole was erected in place with streetlights. In k 2002, they were reconstructed from metal to highlight the historic significance of these jewelry in the Shorth North area.
On March 25, 1913, a flood devastated the Franklinton neighborhood, over 90 people died, leaving thousands of West Side residents homeless. To prevent further flooding in the future, "The Army Corps of Engineers" has proposed extending the Scioto River towards the center of the city, building new bridges and building a wall of protection on its banks.
With a strong economy in post-World War I America, Columbus had a construction breakthrough in the 1920s. The Ohio Theater, which is currently being used during that breakthrough, was constructed in downtown government buildings, the American Insurance Union Cheetadel, and a very big new stadium (Ohio Stadium) north of the city. Although the "American Professional Football Association" was established in Canton in 1920, the head offices moved to Columbus in 1921 and stayed here until 1941. This unit was named in 1922 after its current name, "NFL-National Football League."
The effects of the World Economic Depression of 1929 have been felt comparatively little at Columbus because the economy is based on a wide range of areas. World War II created many new jobs and new migratory waves in the city. This time, the immigrants came from much less developed rural areas in the Appalas Mountains, stretching like a line from south New York to Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, and in a short time formed one-third of the Columbus population. "Town and Country Shopping Center", considered one of America's first modern shopping centers, was established in the suburbs of Whitehall in 1948.
The launch of interstate federal highways signaled that suburban development in Ohio would be very rapid. He has started implementing a policy of municipal privatization of independent companies that run sewage and water connections to avoid the problems that might otherwise have occurred in the local tax base of the city due to this suburbanization. These measures provide support for urban services of voters fleeing the ghetto, and have created the possibility of rescuing city services which threatened financial collapse in the United States. By the beginning of the 1990s, Columbus became the largest city in Ohio, both on land and in terms of population.
Although efforts to restructure the city of Columbus have been successful recently, as in all major US cities, some architectural heritage has unfortunately been lost in the process. Urban architecture in Colombus, such as the Union Station (Columbus Station) and the Neil House Hotel, was destroyed to build multi-story high office buildings and commercial centers in the 1970s. "National City Bank", "Nationwide Plaza" and other skyscrapers were built after the 1970s. With the construction of "Greater Columbus Convention Center," a number of commercial shows have arrived in the city, and yet again, the "Scioto Mile" region, which now houses the "Miranova Convention Center" and Condominiums in "North Bank Park", has been a big excitement. "Capitol Square", which also hosted the local NBC at the intersection of Broad and High Street, was again built in the early 1980s. City Hall had to buy tens of millions of dollars in mortgage in 2010 to renovate or tear down many abandoned buildings, abandoned after the mortgage crisis. According to city authorities, in February 2011, Columbus had 6,117 yards, vacant buildings.
In 1907, Cromwell Dixon, 14, built "SkyCycle", a sort of small blimp progressing with pedals, and flew in Driving Park.
In 1910, the world's first commercial cargo flight took place when one of the Wright Brothers show pilots, Phillip Parmalee, flew 88 kilos of silk from Dayton to Columbus (about 110 kilometers) with the Wright B Model.
Less than 20 years later, it became the axis of an intercontinental system linking the airline with the Columbus Airport railways, and it was transported from the east coast to the west coast with Charles Lindbergh's incentive to make Columbus a flight hub and TAT, which later provided commercial service with the incentive to become a business hub. After the fundraiser for securing bonds to make an airport in 1927, Lindbergh started a personal campaign in 1928 and the new bond collection law was adopted the following year. On July 8, 1929, the airport was launched with the launch flight to Columbus-Waynoka, Oklahoma, west of TAT. Among the 19 passengers were Amelia Erhart, Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone, attending the opening ceremony.
In 1964, Geraldine Fredritz Mock, a native of Ohio, used his airplane "Spirit of Columbus" to begin with the first female title to fly around the world from Columbus. This flight lasted for almost a month, and set a record for drones under 1,750 kg.
The unification of the Scioto and Olentangy Rivers is only a little bit west of downtown Columbus. Apart from that, Columbus has many small streams, such as Alum Creek, Big Walnut Creek, and Darby Creek, all over the city.
Wisconsin took a relatively flat topography, with a large glacier covering almost the entire Ohio in the Ice Age. Nevertheless, there are still some differences in the slope. At 1132 ft./345m, Franklin County near New Albany is the highest place, while 670 ft/207m Lockbourne (the point where the Scioto River has left the area) is the lowest.
The potholes near the rivers and lakes helped a diverse variety of soil covering, where the streams that feed Alum Creek and the Olentangy River created more clay soil, while the Scioto River nurtured limestone formations.
In Columbus, the region's climate has been transformed between the damp continental climate and the damp astropical climate, the summers are hot and muggy, the winters are cold and dry. In winter, it is relatively low because the city is not in the typical high-powered winter low-climate region (for example, northeast), and also because of the precipitation climate derived from the impact of Lake Erie.
The highest temperature observed in Columbus is the 41 °C (91 °F) job on July 21, 1934, and July 14, 1936. The coldest day Columbus has ever had is January 19th, 1994, at -30 °C (41 °F). Columbus is facing bad weather that has influenced the American Midwest, and there is a very high probability that there will be a hurricane, especially from spring to fall. The last time that happened on October 11th, 2006, the hurricane damaged the city at the F2 level. There are also floods, blizzards and severe storms from time to time. The table summarizes the month's "maximum average daily", "Minimum average daily", "Monthly rains" and "Monthly snowfalls".
|Maximum daily averages (°C)||2||4||10||17||AD 23||AD 28||AD 29||AD 29||AD 25||18||11||4||17|
|Minimum average daily (°C)||-7||-6||-1||4||10||15||18||17||12||6||3||-4||6|
Columbus' demographic development is visible from the census results summary US Census Bureau makes every ten years. In this table, the "% Change" refers to the total change between the counts and the "Order" refers to the cities order in the U.S.
|Columbus: US censuses summaries|
According to the 2010 census, Columbus' racial chart is like this.
- White: 61.5% (Non-Hispanic whites: 59.3%
- Black or African-Americans: 28.0%
- Native Americans (Native Americans): 0.3%
- Asians: 4.1% (Indian 1.3; China 0.3%; Korean 0.2%; Vietnamese 0.2%; Japanese 0.2%; Filipino 0.2%; Cambodian 0.2%; Laotian 0.2%
- Local Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islands: 0.1%
- Two or more ethnic groups: 3.3%
- Hispanic or Latinos: 5.6% (Mexican 3.3%; Puerto Rican 0.6%; 0.2% of Salvadorans; Dominican 0.2%
According to the population census in 2010, the population of Columbus is 729,369. The city has 301,534 households and 165,240 families. The population density is 1,399.2 people per square kilometer. The 5 most populated of them are from Europe. Germans (19.4%), Irish (11.7%), British (7.9%), Poles (7.2%), and Italians (5%).
Of the .301,534 households, 28% have children under the age of 18; 36.1% are married couples who live together, 14.5% are women hosts who are not husband and 45.2% are non-family members. Of the households, 34.1% are individuals, and 7% are those who live with someone aged 65 and above. The average household size is 2.30, the average family size is 3.01.
According to age distribution statistics, 24.2% of the total population is under 18 years old, 14% between 18 and 24 years old, 35.1% between 25 and 44 years old, 17.9% between 45 and 64, and 8.9% is 65 and above. When you're 31, there are 91.9 men for every 100 women over the age of 18
The average income per household is $37,897 a year, while the average family income is $47,391 a year. The average male income is $35,138, whereas in women it's $28,705. The city's per capita income is $20,450, of which nearly 10.8% of families and 14.8% of the total population live below the poverty line.
Cities of Columbus have been plagued by many migrations in the provinces of 20 centuries and 21st centuries, from China, from Europe, from Taiwan, Vietnam, Russia, from Japan, from Somalia, India, while immigration from Mexico and other Latin America countries still exists. Aside from that, many other countries in the world are represented in Columbus because of the international students of Ohio State University. According to its 2008 estimates, around 116,000 of the city's population are native to about 82% of the new city's inhabitants, who are foreign.
Demographic features, with races and nations as diverse groups of income and urban, rural and suburban areas, Columbus was seen in the past as a typical American city, and therefore, while in the new market use as a test market for the upcoming product, new studies suggest that today it does not reflect the overall US population.
Columbus also hosts a number of LGBTs, including around 34,952 gay, lesbian or bisexual. It also became one of the most eligible cities for the Gay and Lesbians to live in, while the most disqualified gay city in the country was named.
In 2008, when "Central Connecticut State University," he was named the 15th most literate city in the United States, in which he was declared the 19th best-educated city.
It was voted the 8th most ideal big city to live with CNN Money in 2006, and it was documented that in 2010, Sperling's named the second most masculine city, while in 2009 it was named the Dole Nutrition Institute (Dole Food Institute), one of the most salata-eating cities in the same year.
Brewey (Brewey Factory)
Eastern Columbus District
Easton City Center
Forest Park District
[German Village] District
Harrison West SEmti
King-Lincoln Bronzeville District
Merion Village District
Near East Side District
Old Oaks District
Olde Towne East District
Short North District
Upper City District
Victorian Dark District
Law and government
The city is run by a mayor and a one-camera member, who is elected by seven four-term members every two years, every two years. The mayor appoints the Director of Security and the Director of Public Services. Citizens elect the city's financial inspector, city court clerk, municipal court judges and the city prosecutor. The 1913 Commission on Law passed into office in 1914, and the Federal form came into law in 1916, when they introduced a new bill that changed the number of innovative properties: voting rights, preferential voting rights, waning elections of elected officials, referendum, and became law. Today's mayor of the city is Michael B. Coleman.
City of Columbus police services are provided by the City Police Department. In 2009, Columbus was the 38th most dangerous city in the United States, according to CQ Press, but he has never been listed on the 25 most dangerous lists in his history. This ranking was the result of a weighted assessment by CQ Press of the crime statistics compiled by Federal Bureau of Investigation. According to the 2005 FBI statistics, 102 homicides have been recorded in Columbus, with a total of 6,111 cases of violence reported. For those of you interested, there is a Columbus event map that is updated daily, containing crime scenes, types and detailed information.
In general, Columbus has an economy that relies on powerful and diverse business branches — education, insurance, banking, fashion, defense, aviation, food, transportation, steel, energy, medical research, health care, tourism, retailer and technology. According to Relocate America, the top 10 ranking of the best major cities in 2010, Columbus was named the 7th most ideal city to open and do MarketWatch in 2008, choosing the 3rd city in the United States and the best business in 4th, from the list of fDi future cities. According to Policom Corp, in 2006, America's seventh most powerful economy was named Ohio's 1st, while the 2009 statistics showed that the Columbus metropolitan area had a $90 billion GDP.
During the economic recession that started in 2007, Columbus's economy was not nearly as affected as much as the rest of the country, thanks to its 10s of years of business distribution and long-standing businesses, business leaders and political leaders in the region. Although Columbus was influenced by the country's atmosphere, and he had to raise taxes due to claims of financial wrongs, the Coleman administration is doing everything they can to sustain this stable economy. Because Columbus is the state capital, there's also a formal presence in the city, including the city, the region, the state, the Federation, and government workers. Even the state is the biggest employer in Columbus.
In 2011 there are five different general directorates in the city on the Fortune 500 list, those managers are Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, American Electric Power, Limited Brands, Momentive Specialty Chemicals, and Big Lots. And the general manager of Cardinal Health is just outside of Dublin, near Columbus. Large companies outside of these are research and development companies such as hi-tech research and development companies like the Ohio State University, the hi-tech Memorial Institute, Information/Archive companies such as OCLC and Chemical Abstracts, financial companies such as JP Morgan Chase and Huntington Bancfarm, and food chains such as Wendy's. Major foreign companies with Columbus or branch offices are Siemens and Roxane Laboratories of Germany, Vaisala of Finnish origin, Tomasco Mulciber Inc., and A Y Manufacturing, Swiss-based ABB Group and Mettler Toledo.
Network and address system
The city's street planning is extended to old growth neighborhoods according to a grid system initiated in the city center, built on the High Street (north-south) and Broad Street (east-west) intersections. North-South streets run west to 12 degrees north, parallel to High Street, and the boulevards reach east to west (Fifth Avenue, Sixth Avenue). The address system starts at the intersection of Broad and High Streets, and numbers are numbered in their distance from High Street or Broad Street. Numbered boulevards begin on First Avenue, First Ave. It's about 2.01 kilometers long, and it's north of Broad Street, and the next avenue is numbered by numbers growing north. Numbered streets begin with Second Street (2nd Street), 2nd St. High St.in is two blocks west and 3rd St. High St.in is 1st block east, from here numbers grow east.The even-numbered addresses are located north and east of the streets, while the odd-numbered addresses are located south and west. A gate number variance of 700 numbers indicates a distance of about 1 mile (1.6 km) over the same street. For example, 351 West 5th Cd remains south of St.in and is located about .5 miles (0.80) away from High Street, buildings on North-South streets are numbered by the same logic. The gate number indicates how far it is from Broad Cd. The "N" and "S" acronyms indicate whether the streets are north or south of Broad St.e., while street numbers indicate how far from the introduction of High and Broad Cds in downtown.
However, the street numbering system above was not available in most places. There are often boulevards in the area from Marble Cliff to South Lindon to the airport, while there are only streets, unlike the boulevards in the downtown and the south-way suburbs close to downtown. The intersections of streets and boulevards are minimal and nameled streets and boulevards can move in any direction. For example, as all numbered boulevards move east-west in the high St.e. steep, many of the named but unnumbered boulevards are north-south and High. They're in parallel to St. E. The same is true of many well-named streets. While numbered streets cross the city north and cut Broad St.i upright, many of the named but unnumbered streets are in the east-west direction and High. He reaches up to St. Despite this complexity, the address system covers nearly all of Franklin County, except for a few commuters that have developed its own neighborhood-based address system. Apart from those set forth above, the major streets of Columbus are Main Street, Morse Road, Dublin-Granville Road (SR-161), Cleveland Avenue/Westerville Road (SR-3), Elentangy River Road, Riverside Drive, Sunbury Road, Fifth Avenue and Livingston Avenue.
Columbus is at the intersection of two major interstate (Interstate) highways. In the east-West interstate 70, and northwest interstate 71, the 71st, in the region known as the south-west, the Split, these two highways combine for 2.4km, and this merger produces a traffic jam for Columbus, especially during peak hours. The United States Highway 40, known by the Columbus as National Road, goes east to west, and Main leads to east of town, and Broad St. i connects to the west. The same road is also known by many as the country's first highway. While UPS 23 highway is built roughly in the south-north direction, UPPER 33 is in the northwest-southeast. Outside of the interstate road 270 is engulfing the city, with inner circles covering the north and east, including the interstate 670, and west, with state lane I-70 (state road number 70) and 315 (State Route 315) west of city, I-70/17 It combines with a cross in the south of the city and with I-71 in the east of the city. With its central location and lack of intermediary use, Columbus is only about two hours away from every destination in the state.
Columbus riverbanks host several remarkable bridges over the last few years. The 210m Main St. Bridge COSI (Columbus Science and Industry Center), which was available on July 30th, 2010, is a bridge that is on the Scioto River, 3 single-way lanes and a dedicated road for bicyclists and pedestrians, and is the only example of its tour in North America. The Rich St. Bridge, which is scheduled to open in August 2011, will be adjacent to the Main St. Bridge, and will connect the Rich St. on the east side of the river with the town St. on the west coast. Lane Ave. Its bridge is a bridge that has been linked in the University District to the Olentangy River, serving in both directions since November 14, 2003, with three lanes in both directions.
The city's main airport is Port Columbus International Airport (CMH) and is located in the east of town, like many other small airports. Flights from CMH to residential (for virtually all major centers except San Francisco and Seattle) are now being built throughout Canada and Mexico. Columbus Airport, an important hub for low-cost planes such as Skybus Airlines, is also home to NetJets, a branch of the world's largest airline carrier. According to market research in 2005, Columbus airport attracted 50% of its passengers out of a radius of 60 miles (97 km) of its main service area.
Rickenbacker International Airport, east of Franklin County, is one of the main cargo centers used by the Ohio National Air Conservation Force (Ohio Air National Guard).
OSI Don Scott Airport and Bolton Field are major general aviation facilities around Columbus.
Nowadays, Columbus doesn't serve passenger transportation by rail.
In the past, Columbus had a station called "Union Station" in downtown, and this station was used more for Amtrak's National Limited train service until 1977. By 1979, instead of "Union Station" being demolished, Greater Columbus Convention Center is built in today. Before the station was demolished, it was a major destination for trains running on the Cleveland-Columbus-Cincinnati and Pittsburgh-Cincinnati-Chicago-St. Louis routes. Columbus is now the largest metropolitan area in the United States, after Phoenix built a light rail system in December 2008, without a rail transport system. Nevertheless, with the Ohio Hub project, Columbus is being re-deployed to transport passengers. This project involves building a rapid rail system that will connect Columbus with Cincinnati, and connecting it with Cleveland, which is included in the transport system aboard its East Coast railroad, including New York and Washington D.C.
It has a bus transport system called Central Ohio Transit Authority COTA (Central Ohio Transfer Directorate), which is widely used in the Columbus municipality.
Using a bicycle as a transportation tool has generally been a trend that builds up in Columbus because of straightforward spaces, finding untouched urban areas, having a large student population and having off-road bike lanes. The city has published its 2010 Rematched Bikeways Plan, 200th Year Bicycles, and has executed Complete Streets policy. With public efforts such as Bike to Work Week, Consider Biking (Think Cycling), Spring Bikes (Long Bicycles), Third Hand Format Co-operative in 3rd Hand Cycle, Franton Cycleworks (Franklinton Cycling and Cranksters), a local radio program's motorcycle intensifies as an urban bike ride and it's making it effective.
Columbus also runs bike-speed contests and Critical Mass, an envoy-style "alleycat" out of town, and organizes monthly disorganized group riding that promote cycling, art screenings, film nights and many other bicycles. All these activities continue all year, despite Columbus' harsh weather.
The new Main St. and the Rich St. Bridges, which opened in 2011, also have a special road dedicated to pedestrians and bicycles on them.
According to a study by Walk Score in 2011, Columbus was voted the 29th most convenient city to walk across the 50 largest cities in the United States.
Columbus is home to two state-run university institutions, "OSU Ohio State University" and "Columbus State Community College", the owner of one of the largest campus sites in the United States.
In 2009, OSU also ranked 19th in the ranking of state universities in a study by "U.S. News and World Report", and in the general ranking, was ranked first in the ranks of the country's 56th most successful university, ranking it the top national school. Some of OSU's graduate programs, such as Veterinary and Pharmaceuticals, are in the top five in the country. The Social Psychology Special Master Program is at 2nd, Dispute Solution Program 5th, Vocational Training Program 2nd, Elementary School Program 5th, Advanced Teacher's Program 5th, and Management/Surveillance Program 5th.
And the college community in Columbus is... Columbus College of Art and Design are from Fortis College, DeVry University, Ohio Business College, Ohio Institute of Health Careers, Bradford School and Franklin University. Along with them is the Bexley Hall Episcopal Seminary, Mount Carmel College of Nursing, Ohio Dominican University, Pontifical College Josephinum, and the Trinity Lutheran Seminary, which teaches religious studies, are also on the frontier of Columbus.
Located in the suburbs of the city, Bexley's Capital University, Westerville's Otterbein University, and Delaware's Ohio Wesleyan University also affect Columbus' educational atmosphere.
Primary and Secondary Education
With 55,000 students, "Columbus City Schools" (CCS) (Columbus City Schools), formerly known as the "Columbus Public Schools", it represents the most populous segment in Columbus's primary and secondary education. There are 142 middle schools, high schools and alternate schools attached to CCS. The suburbs run their own educational area by serving one or more towns, sometimes crossing urban boundaries, while the Columbus Roman Catholic Diocese runs many secondary and high schools that teach religion. The 2nd largest education area is the South-Western City Schools, which offer service to the southwestern Franklin region. There are many private educational institutions in this region.
According to some sources, the first kindergarten in the United States was established in Columbus by Louisa Frankenberg, a former student of Friedrich Frobel who migrated to the city in 1838. However, the Indianola Junior High School has the title of becoming the country's first junior high school in 1909. Given that only 48% of students were continuing their education after the 9th grade at the time, this school, which provides for the transition between elementary and high school, has a distinct importance for the country.
The Columbus Metropolitan Library (Columbus Metropolitan Library) (CML) has served city residents since 1873. It has 22 different branches throughout the city, including a library of three million items. This library system has been one of the most widely deployed librarians throughout the country, and Hennen's American Public Library Ratings (Hennen's Public Library Rankings) has always been at the top. (1st in 1999, 2005 and 2008, always in the top 4 since 1999.) The library for the year is also selected in 2010 according to the CML Library Journal.
Urban Architecture Symbols
LeVeque Tower skyscraper in downtown
Cristof Columb, anchored on the river beach, is a copy of Santa Maria
Franklin Park large greenhouse
The building of "Ohio Statehoouse", which is architectural style "Ohio Statehoouse", in the "Ancient Gray Awakening" architecture, is a significant host of houses in the art-deco architecture style, such as "Ohio Judicial Center Ohio Court Palace", "Wexner Art Center" and "Greater Columbus Convention Center", designed by architect Peter Eisenmen. In addition, other major skyscrapers and business centers are located in the city at "Rhodes State Office Tower (Rhodes State Indare Merkzi)", "LeVeque Tower", and "One Nationwide Plaza".
Construction of the Ohio Statehouse (Ohio State House) began in 1839 on a 40,000 square meters donated by the then formidable four landowners. This area then became Capitol Square, which didn't exist in the original arrangement of the city. The government mansion with Columbus limestone from Marble Cliff Quarry Co. stands at a depth of 5m, rightly so, on the basis of a basis created by then-convicted prison gang members (presumably considered crown masters). The government mansion has a presentation made according to the ancient Grek Dorik style. It supports the paddle underneath the dome that lights the input log, which is so low that it's so low that it's built in a wide, low-center, low-temperature, low-hanging style. Unlike many government mansions in the United States, the national Capitol movement was not impressed. Seven architects were employed during a long 22-year period of construction, and the relationship between architects and management has often not been friendly. Nathan B. Kelly, who wants to activate the natural ventilation system, which is called heating and genius, was fired by committee members because their design was too expensive for the planned budget. Government House was opened to the public and to use in 1857 and its construction was completed in 1861. At the intersection of High and Broad Cds, the center is located in Columbus.
"The Jefferson Center for Learning and the Arts Center", founded in 1975, is a center for non-profit organizations, research, broadcasting and nonprofit leadership and management seminars. The Jefferson Center, located in the eastern corner of downtown Columbus, topped 100 years old, renovated 11 homes, including the house where James Thurber had spent his childhood. Today these houses are for nonprofit human services, education and artistic activities. A realistic scaled copy of Santa Maria lies on the side of the Scioto River in downtown Columbus. Christopher Columbus' discovery of America was made in 1992 in honor of the 500th year. Driving Park Heritage site is the place where Eddie Rickenbacker, a famous first-class fighter pilot of World War I, is in the family, and the reconstruction of the house has begun. "Green Lawn Cemetery", founded in 1848, is one of the largest cemeteries in the American Midwest.
The "Columbus Museum of Art" opened in 1931, focusing mostly on collections of European and American artwork that were created until early modernism. "Wexner Center for the Arts Center", a contemporary art gallery and research facility, is on the campus of Ohio State University. On the same campus, the whirlwind of OSU basketball and men's hockey teams includes "Jerome Schottenstein Center," and includes the Ohio State University "Athletics Hall of Fame."
Located in Franklin Park, the "Franklin Park Conservatory" is a botanical garden built in 1895, built on 36 hectares, located just east of the city center.
"COSI, (Center of Science and Industry)" is a great science museum. The current COSI building, formerly known as the "Central High School", was restored in 1999 and is located just across the west coast of the Scioto River, just across the city center.
The headquarters of the Ohio Historical Society (Ohio Historical Society) is in Columbus with the "Ohio Historical Center (Ohio Historical Center)", the most beautiful museum built in an area of 23,000-m square meters about 6.4 kilometers from the city center. Near the museum is the typical old town of Ohio, which was built as a replica of the American Civil War era in Ohio.
The Kelton House Museum and Garden is a museum dedicated to the Victorian era. The building, built in 1852, was the site of the Kelton family for three generations, and was a stage in "Underground Railroad."
In 1989, as an example of a mutual cultural exchange, Columbus said, "The Last of Heaven: Imperial Arts of China: He hosted an exhibition called "Imperial Art of China" presenting historical works of ancient Chinese emperors brought from China.
Places of worship
According to Sperling's, 37.6 percent of Columbus's population is religious, and 15.7 percent of it is Protestant, 13.7 percent Catholic, 1.5 percent Jewish, 0.6 percent Muslim, and 0.5 percent Mormon.
Some of the places of worship in Columbus: Xenos Christian Fellowship (Xenos Christian Society), Trinity Episcopal Church, Vineyard, the Glenwood United Methodist Church, Second Presbyterian Church (Second Presbyterian Church), St. Paul Episcopal Church (St. Paul Psicot Church) Öh Baptist (Shilöh Baptist Church, St. Cathedral of the Catholic Church of Rome, Cathedral of St. Cathedral of the Catholic Church. Church of Joseph, Cathedral of Cathedral of Catholicism of Greece (the Church of the Greek Orthodox Church of Meryemana Cathedral), Life (Church of Life, Mormon Temple (Ohio) in the northwest The Muslim Noor Islamist Cultural Center is the Muslim Nur Islamic Cultural Center, and the Reform Jewish Temple Israel, the oldest synagogue in Columbus, is Israel.
The World Harvest Church, located in the southeast part of the city, is classified as "Megachurch" (the church with more than 2,000 visitors on average a week).
Religious Educational Institutes; Trinity Lutheran Seminary, Bexley Hall Episcopal Seminary (Bexley Hall Psychoposol School), Methodist Theological School of the Ohio (Ohio Metodist School of Theology), and the Pontifical College Josephinum (Josephinum Koleum).
Parks and activities
Columbus and the Franklin County Park District, the Inniswood Metro Gardens, which is a collection of public gardens. Highbanks includes Metro Park and many other public parks and gardens. The beauty and ecological diversity of "Big Darby Creek" in the southwest part of the city is particularly important to Columbus. It hosts the Whetstone Park in the Clintonville district, which includes a beautiful rose garden of "Park of Roses", built on 53,000m2.
"Chadwick Arboretum (Chadwick Tree Park)" is a botanical garden on the OSU campus with a large variety of vegetation. Georges Seurat's famous painting is represented on Grande Jatte Island's "Old Deaf School Park (Columbus Old Deaf School Park)" by Columbus in the artistic thrill of Sunday afternoon lightning and similar tree trimming. In addition, a new park on the Whittier peninsula, built in 2009 for a perfectly good service for the goal of tracking birds of the area, known as Metro Park.
The Columbus Zoo and the Aquarium are known worldwide for its rich collection of low-lying gorillas, polar bears, dairy, Siberian tigers, cheetahs and kangaroos. Honourary administrator Jack Hanna often goes on national channels for well-known TV shows in the United States, such as The Tonight Show and Late Show. In 2009, the park, which was named the best zoo in the United States, also has a water park called Zoombezi_Bay and an amusement park.
City, Columbus Symphony Orchestra, Columbus Opera, BalletMet Columbus dance troupe, the "ProMusica Chamber Orchestra", CATCO (Contemporary American Theater Company), "Columbus Children's Theater", "Shadowbox Effort Cable and Columbus Kid Theater" The bus jazz Orchestra is home to world-renowned art communities like the Columbus Jazz Orchestra. During the summer, Shakespeare plays for free are represented at the Aktor's Columbus Theater in the German Village district of Schiller Park.
"Columbus Youth Ballet Academy" was founded by the internationally recognized ballerina and artistic director, Martha Grahamca, who was discovered by Shir Lee Wu in 1980. Although Wu is a world-renowned teacher, he is now the artistic director of the "Columbus City Ballet School". Over the past few decades, the graduate students have continued their academic life "The Juilliard Schoolarchived on the Wayback Machine website on August 28th, 2010." "The American Ballet School", "Houston Ballet Academy", "Pacific Northwest Ballet School", "Pacific Northwest Ballet School", some have continued in institutions like "New York City" They performed in organizations such as the "Pacific Northwest Ballet", "Martha Graham Contemporary Dance Company", and BalletMet Columbus. Also, Wu's students won gold medals at Youth American Grand Prix in New York, and some became finalists in "Concord De Dance de Paris".
Columbus includes concert halls with a large audience, such as "Nationwide Arena", "Jerome Schottenstein Center", "The Pavilion of Life Styles (briefly LC)", while musical performance is performed in other small concert halls such as "Veterans Memorial Auditorium", "Mershon Auditorium" and "Newport Music Hall".
The "Linkoln Scene", formerly a service for the "Black Cultural Center", was reopened to the public in 2009 as a result of a massive restoration. Not far from the Linkoln Stage, "King Arts Complex" is hosting a number of cultural events. There are also many large theaters and cinema halls in the city center, such as the historic Palace Theater, the Ohio Stage, the South Stage. The trup/institution, which represents Broad musicals across America, has used these scenes for many performances in Ohio. Beyond these, "Vern Riffe Center for Government and the Arts Center", "Vern Riffe Government and the Arts Center", "Capitol Theater (Capitol Stage)" and 3 smaller studios give local art institutions a chance to demonstrate on the scene.
The Silence of the Lambs, a movie directed by Steven Soderberg in 2000 by Traffic and Jonathan Demme in 1991, are films from the region of Columbus and Central Ohio that have won Oscar. The Shawshank Redemption, nominated for Oscar, was shot in the regions of Central Ohio in 1994. Horrors of War 2006, Fallen Angels again 2006, Bubble 2005, Criminal Minds 1998, Wolfgang Petersen's Air Force One Speak 1989, 2006, shot by local filmmakers Peter John Whitney and Philip R. Garrett Tango & Cash 1989 and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teachers_(film) was shot again in 1984 in the state of Ohio.
Columbus officially has 10 sibling cities:
- Ahmedabad, India
- Dresden, Germany
- Genoa, Italy
- Hefei, China
- Herzliya, Tel-Aviv, Israel
- Kuqi, Ghana
- Odense, Denmark
- Sevilla, Spain
- Tainan, Taiwan
- Zapopan, Mexico
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